The database

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The database

The purpose of the database is to promote accountability for human trafficking, forced labour and slavery, by providing an easily accessible web-based tool that raises awareness of existing mechanisms and provides a platform for further research and advocacy.

Data collection

The information contained within the database has been gathered through a mix of primary legal research by pro bono lawyers, and qualitative research conducted by FLEX.  The database will continue to be updated, both through active research and user-contributions, to ensure its continued relevance and accuracy.  If you spot an error or out of date legal provision, then let us know through our Contribute page.

Geographic scope

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The database currently covers 15 countries worldwide.  The countries were selected for geographic, political and economic diversity, in order to include a range of issues and approaches.  Country selection focussed on those with new or innovative legal initiatives, or with a significant or high-profile history of dealing with exploitation in business supply chains.  Countries were also selected in order to reflect a mix of production and consumption along global supply chains, and to link countries where companies operate.
The countries currently covered by the database are:

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Argentina
  • Bangladesh
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • India
  • The Philippines
  • Nepal
  • Nigeria
  • Qatar
  • Spain
  • Thailand
  • United States
  • United Kingdom

Further countries will be added as the database develops.

Legal scope

In order to ensure that the database is a useful and widely applicable tool in holding corporations to account, it includes a broad range of legal mechanisms that can be used to prevent and punish instances of labour exploitation by corporations, sub-contractors and suppliers.

The Labour Exploitation Accountability Database covers:

  • Legislation providing the means to hold corporations to account for the use of forced, trafficked or slave labour in their supply chains.  The database covers the following areas of the law:
    • Mandatory reporting and transparency in supply chains
    • Government procurement legislation
    • Product bans and certification
    • Regulation of recruitment processes and labour recruiters
    • Criminal liability for human trafficking, forced labour, and slavery
    • Criminal liability for fraud, money laundering, racketeering or proceeds of crime
    • Labour law protections against forced, trafficked or slave labour.
  • Selected national policies related to corporate accountability for human trafficking, forced labour and slavery.

The database does not cover all of the tools that can be used to encourage or impose accountability on businesses.  In particular, at this stage the database does not cover:

  • Voluntary or private sector initiatives;
  • Non-regulatory or common law remedies, such as negligence or breach of contract;
  • All state laws and state regulations within federal systems (though some notable state laws are covered);
  • International treaties, treaty bodies, or other regulatory systems.