Article 403

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Child labour

Article 403 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 16, with the exception of the employment of children above the age of 14 as apprentices. This Article further provides that minor workers cannot be engaged in work detrimental to their education or their physical, psychological, moral or social development.

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Article 403 – Minors under sixteen years of age are prohibited to work, except as apprentices, as from the age of fourteen years old.

Law / 1 May 1943 / Brazil / Consolidated Labour Laws — Approved by Legislative Decree No. 5,452 of May 1, 1943

The main purpose of the Consolidation of the Labour Laws is the regulation of individual and collective labour relations.

Since originally coming into force, the Consolidation of Labour Laws has been amended on a number of occasions. It is the main instrument for the regulation of labour relations and for the protection of workers in Brazil.

The Consolidation covers a number of key topics:

(i) Registration of workers / working papers;

(ii) Working hours;

(iii) Rest time;

(iv) Leave;

(v) Occupational medicine;

(vi) Special categories of workers;

(vii) Labour protections for women;

(viii) Individual labour agreements;

(ix) Unionization;

(x) Collective agreements;

(xi) Surveillance;

(xii) Labor courts and labour legal procedures.