Compensation Employment contracts
Under Article 483, an employee may consider his or her employment contract terminated and claim the compensation due when:
- services required are impossible, prohibited by law, contrary to morality or unrelated to the contract;
- the employee is treated by the employer or by his superiors with hardship;
- there is a considerable risk to the employee’s health;
- the employer fails to comply with the contractual obligations;
- employer or its agents commits a harmful act against the employee’s honour or good reputation, or against his people or family;
- the employer or its agents physically harm the employee, except in cases of legitimate defence of self or others; and
- the employer reduces the employee’s work affecting the amount of wages.
Law / 1 May 1943 / Brazil / Consolidated Labour Laws — Approved by Legislative Decree No. 5,452 of May 1, 1943
The main purpose of the Consolidation of the Labour Laws is the regulation of individual and collective labour relations.
Since originally coming into force, the Consolidation of Labour Laws has been amended on a number of occasions. It is the main instrument for the regulation of labour relations and for the protection of workers in Brazil.
The Consolidation covers a number of key topics:
(i) Registration of workers / working papers;
(ii) Working hours;
(iii) Rest time;
(v) Occupational medicine;
(vi) Special categories of workers;
(vii) Labour protections for women;
(viii) Individual labour agreements;
(x) Collective agreements;
(xii) Labor courts and labour legal procedures.