Debt bondage Social protection
Under section 14 of this Act, the Nepali government must provide “freed” bonded labourers with access to accommodation, employment and income generation activities.
According to Anti-Slavery International, the implementation of the Bonded Labour Act has focused on the eradication of bonded labour in agriculture, and within agriculture, only on the identification, release and rehabilitation of “Kamaiya” bonded families (agricultural labourers in Western Nepal bonded by a loan given to them by their landlord in the beginning of their working relationship; mostly from the Tharu community and Dalits). As a consequence, thousands of former bonded labourers remain trapped in slavery in Nepal today due to widespread, and often caste-based, discrimination, limited job opportunities and the government’s failure to provide adequate compensation and access to land.
Section 14. To provide settlement and employment: The Government of Nepal shall provide the facility of settlement, employment and income generation as prescribed to the freed bonded labourers.
Law / 20th April 2002 / Nepal / Bonded Labour (Prohibition) Act, 2002
This Act was created in order to ban the practice of bonded labour in Nepal, rehabilitate its victims and deliver justice. Bonded labour has been a traditional form of debt recovery in Nepal, whereby a labourer provided services to a creditor in order to back his or her own debt or the debt of their family. This practice often led to exploitative situations, in which the labourer suffered numerous human rights abuses, including slavery, forced labour and forms of degrading treatment.