18 U.S.C. § 1590


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Corporate criminal liability Criminal liability Forced labour Human trafficking Slavery

This section establishes the offence of human trafficking for labour exploitation and sets out the penalty of of 20 years imprisonment, or life imprisonment where there are aggravating circumstances, and fines.

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Section 1590. Trafficking with respect to peonage, slavery, involuntary servitude, or forced labor.

(a) Whoever knowingly recruits, harbors, transports, provides, or obtains by any means, any person for labor or services in violation of this chapter shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both. If death results from the violation of this section, or if the violation includes kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse, or the attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill, the defendant shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for any term of years or life, or both.

(b) Whoever obstructs, attempts to obstruct, or in any way interferes with or prevents the enforcement of this section, shall be subject to the penalties under subsection (a).

Law / United States / Trafficking Victims Protection Act and its Reauthorizations

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) and its Reauthorisations implement an extensive range of measures designed to combat human trafficking, forced labour and slavery, and to protect the rights of victims. The measures include: the criminalisation of ‘sex trafficking’ and trafficking for the purpose of forced labour; the provision of ‘T visas’ to some victims of trafficking and their families; provision for restitution and civil remedies for victims; and the creation of the ‘Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons’ which monitors and evaluates the efforts of the U.S. and other countries in preventing and prosecuting human trafficking and protecting victims.