29 U.S.C. § 207

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Maximum working hours, overtime, weekly rest and leave

This provision sets the maximum working hours of 40 hours per week, and provides for exceptions in particular industries and where agreed as a result of collective bargaining.

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Section 207. Maximum hours

(a) Employees engaged in interstate commerce; additional applicability to employees pursuant to subsequent amendatory provisions

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, no employer shall employ any of his employees who in any workweek is engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, or is employed in an enterprise engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, for a workweek longer than forty hours unless such employee receives compensation for his employment in excess of the hours above specified at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular rate at which he is employed.

(2) No employer shall employ any of his employees who in any workweek is engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, or is employed in an enterprise engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, and who in such workweek is brought within the purview of this subsection by the amendments made to this chapter by the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1966—

(A) for a workweek longer than forty-four hours during the first year from the effective date of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1966,

(B) for a workweek longer than forty-two hours during the second year from such date, or

(C) for a workweek longer than forty hours after the expiration of the second year from such date,

unless such employee receives compensation for his employment in excess of the hours above specified at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular rate at which he is employed.

[…]

Law / United States / Fair Labor Standards Act 1938

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) serves as the core wage and working hours protection legislation in the US federal scheme. It limits hours worked to 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week, and requires overtime at a 1.5x rate be paid past these amounts. With regards to overtime pay, while the FLSA’s protections extend to most workers, the FLSA does provide a number of exemptions. The standard salary level required for exemption from overtime pay is USD 913 a week, USD 47,476 annually for a full-year worker. It also incorporates the primary legislation limiting and regulating child labour (which varies by age and profession).

In cases of labor exploitation, FLSA will often act in concert with other laws that target trafficking and human rights abuses specifically.

The FLSA specifically does not apply to some agricultural workers (particularly seasonal workers), some social care workers, and certain professions. The FLSA may apply to migrants who do not fall into the exempt categories.