Article 134


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Child labour Corporate criminal liability Economic sanctions

Article 134 prohibits child labour and punishes this offence with up to 3 years’ imprisonment and a monetary fine. Under Article 134, any person, along with his servants or agents, who makes a child work or allows a child to work in contravention of the Law of 16 March 1971 Relating to Work, shall be punished with a level-4 penalty (6 months’ to 3 years’ imprisonment and a monetary fine). The fine amount shall be multiplied by the number of children concerned. The judge shall order other penalties as established under arts. 106 and 107.

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Law / 6 June 2010 / Belgium / Social Criminal Code

The Belgian Social Criminal Code seeks to harmonise the social criminal sanctions and to simplify the range of criminal sanctions and administrative fines that may be imposed for offences related to employment and social security.

Often, in cases of human trafficking for labour exploitation, the employer is charged with a number of other labour offences in addition to human trafficking. This means that in cases where the criminal court cannot find enough evidence to convict for human trafficking, the employer may still be found guilty for several offences under the Social Criminal Code.

All violations and infringements are brought together in Book II of the Social Criminal Code in a thematic classification: violations against the person of the employee, violations relating to working time, violations in connection with other working conditions, illegal labour, unreported labour, violations in connection with social documents, violations against the industrial relations legislation, violations relating to inspection, violations against the social security legislation, violations involving forgery, the use of falsified documents, incorrect or incomplete declaration, and fraud in social criminal law.