Abuse of vulnerability Immigration status
Article 19 provides that only Qatari nationals or businesses can act as sponsors.
Article 19. The residence sponsor, whether a natural or legal person, shall satisfy the following requirements: 1. to be a Qatari national or an Expatriate resident under the law, and if the sponsor is a legal person, it must have a main office located within the State of Qatar or operate a branch therein; 2. to be qualified to fulfill the responsibilities consequent on sponsorship imposed hereby, and to employ and supervise the Expatriate if he enters the country as an employee.
Law /Qatar / Law No. 4 of 2009 Regarding Regulation of Expatriates' Entry, Departure, Residence and Sponsorship (the Sponsorship or Kafala Law)
The Sponsorship Law sets out the framework through which expatriate workers are permitted to reside and work in Qatar, restricting their ability to work for an employer other than their sponsor and imposing requirements related to their ability to exit Qatar (such as the requirement to obtain a permit to exit).The sponsorship law has been heavily criticised for establishing a framework that creates conditions under which forced labour can result from the actions of abusive employers. It is expected that the sponsorship system set out in the law will be the subject of reform to address those criticisms.
This Law has been amended by Law No. 21 of 2015 on the Regulation of the Entry and Exit of Expatriates. Changes will enter into force 1 year after the publication of Law 21/2015, on the 27th of October 2016.