Section 166 A



Criminal liability Human trafficking

Section 166A of the Penal Code holds police responsible for delays in registering a First Information Report after a victim makes a complaint. Punishment for inaction ranges from six months’ to two years’ imprisonment.

Link to full text


166. Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person—
Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public servant, intending to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will, by such disobedience, cause injury to any person, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

Illustration – A, being an officer directed by law to take property in execution, in order to satisfy a decree pronounced in Z’s favor by a Court of Justice, knowingly disobeys that direction of law, with the knowledge that he is likely thereby to cause injury to Z. A has committed the offence defined in this section.

Law /India / Penal Code, 1860

The Indian Penal Code, 1860 is the main criminal code in India. The Penal Code, under Chapter XVI, deals with offences against the human body. The Code was recently amended in 2013 to include provisions dealing with slavery, compulsory labour and sexual exploitation.