The Process Certification Scheme states that all shipments of rough diamonds exported from Australia must be accompanied by a Kimberley Process Certificate. A KPC certifies the conflict-free origin of the rough diamond product. The certificate must be obtained by the exporter prior to export.
Australia has not passed legislation to support the KPC Scheme but has adopted and implemented controls to facilitate compliance with the Scheme through various controls such as the certification requirements.
Policy / 01 May 2000 / Australia / Kimberley Process Certification Scheme
The global Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) imposes extensive requirements (*) on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free’ and prevent conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Under the terms of the KPCS, participating states must meet ‘minimum requirements’ and must put in place national legislation and institutions; export, import and internal controls; and also commit to transparency and the exchange of statistical data. Participants can only legally trade with other participants who have also met the minimum requirements of the scheme, and international shipments of rough diamonds must be accompanied by a KP certificate guaranteeing that they are conflict-free.