Article 138 sets out the authority and powers of labour inspectors, which include conducting unannounced inspections of workplaces, inspecting worker accommodation premises and enquiring with employers or with individual workers.
According to a report comissioned by the government of Qatar and published by DLA Piper, in 2013 there were 200 labour inspectors employed by the Labour Inspection Department, to cover 1.9 million migrant workers and thousands of construction sites.
In May 2015, Amnesty international reported that according to the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, this number had been increased to 264 inspectors by May 2015.
Article 138. The work inspectors shall have the following authority:
- Enter the workplaces during the working hours, by day or night, without previous notification, for inspection of the registers, books, files or any other documents related to the Workers to ensure their compliance with the applicable legislations, and to detect and affirm any violation acts therein.
- Obtain samples of the materials used and dealt with in the Establishment and inspect the machinery and various fittings to assure the availability of sufficient and effective means for protecting the Workers from health harms and Work dangers, and notify the Employer or his representative of any samples or materials taken or used for this purpose.
- Inspect the accommodation of the Workers to assure its compliance with the required health conditions.
- Inquire from the Employer or his representative or any of the Workers individually or in the presence of witnesses as to any of the matters related to the implementation of this Law.
Law /Qatar / Labour Law No. 14 of 2004
Qatar Labour Law 2004 governs the terms of employment of the majority of workers working in Qatar. The Labour Law sets out the minimum entitlements of workers employed in Qatar, and as such, it contains a number of important protections for workers, prohibits child labour, prohibits recruiting foreign workers by or through unlicensed recruiters or agencies,bans recruitment agencies from charging recruitment fees, and provides for mechanisms to enforce its provisions.
Any stipulations contrary to the provisions of the Labour Law are void unless more advantageous to the employee.