Health and safety
Article 99 imposes a number of obligations on employers related to workplace health, safety and work related hazards. These include: the obligation to inform workers regarding possible work related hazards, to take precautionary measures to protect employees from work relate hazards, diseases or accidents, to take the necessary measures to ensure adequate hygiene and salubrity in the workplace, to provide adequate medical assistance (depending on the number of employees), and to carry out periodical medical check-ups for workers in certain sectors or engaged in certain activities.
Under Article 144 whoever violates Article 99 shall be liable to pay a fine of between 2,000 and 5,000 Qatari Riyals. Under Article 145 of the Labour Law, violations of Articles 103, 104 and 105 are punished with up to one month’s imprisonment and a fine of between 2,000 and 6,000 Qatari Riyals, or with any of these two punishments.
Hamad Medical Corporation figures reported that over 1,000 people were admitted to the trauma unit in 2012 out of which 10% were left disabled.
A report commissioned by the government of Qatar to DLA Piper registered 964 deaths of migrant workers –from Nepal, India and Bangladesh- in 2012 and 2013. According to this report, a total of 246 of the deceased workers died from “sudden cardiac death” in 2012, 35 died in falls and 28 committed suicide. However, the number of deaths resulting from work-related injuries was relatively low.
Article 99. The employer or his representative shall on the commencement of every worker’s engagement inform him of the hazards of the work and the hazards which may occur thereafter and shall inform him of the safety measures to be taken for the protection therefrom and shall post up in a conspicuous place his detailed instructions concerning the means of observing vocational health and safety for protecting the workers from the hazards to which they are exposed during performance of their work.
Article 100. The Employer shall take all precautionary measures for protecting the Workers during the Work from any Occupational injury or disease that may arise from the Work performed in his Establishment or from any accident, fire, defect or breakdown in the machinery and equipment.
The Employer shall not charge his Workers or deduct from their Remuneration any amount for providing these precautions.
In the event that the Employer refrains from taking the aforesaid precautions or in the case of existence of forthcoming danger which threatens the health or safety of the Workers, the Department shall raise the matter to the Minister to pass a resolution for partial or total closure of the Work site or to suspend of one or more machines from work until the causes of the danger cease to exist. In this case, the Employer shall be obliged to pay the Remuneration of the Workers in full during the closure or suspension period.
Article 103. The Employer shall take the measures which guarantee the securing of hygiene and good ventilation in the places of work, and shall provide suitable lighting and potable water for drinking and cleanliness and drainage systems, in accordance with the regulations and decisions to be issued by the competent authorities in this regard.
Article 104. The employer employing a number of workers ranging from five to twenty-five shall prepare for them a first aid box furnished with the medicines tools and equipment to be specified by the competent medical authority. The box shall be kept in a conspicuous place in the establishment and shall be available to the workers. The use of the box shall be entrusted to a worker trained in providing first-aid medical services.
If the number of the workers exceeds twenty-five workers a box shall be specified for every group of workers ranging from five to twenty-five workers. It the number of the workers in the establishment exceeds hundred workers the employer shall appoint a full-time medical nurse in the established in addition to the first-aid box.
If the number of the workers exceeds five hundred workers the employer shall designate to them a clinic employing at least a physician and a nurse.
Article 105. Periodical medical check-ups shall be carried out on the workers exposed to the dangers of infection with the vocational diseases in all activities of the work at intervals appropriate to the hazards involved in the work in accordance with the measures to be specified by the competent authorities specifying the types of such check-ups and the intervals in which they shall be carried out. The employer shall keep the results of these check-ups in the files concerning the workers.
If the result of the check-up shows the infliction of the worker with one of the occupational diseases the employer shall notify the Department thereof within three days from the date of his knowing the result of the check-up.
Law / Qatar / Labour Law No. 14 of 2004
Qatar Labour Law 2004 governs the terms of employment of the majority of workers working in Qatar. The Labour Law sets out the minimum entitlements of workers employed in Qatar, and as such, it contains a number of important protections for workers, prohibits child labour, prohibits recruiting foreign workers by or through unlicensed recruiters or agencies,bans recruitment agencies from charging recruitment fees, and provides for mechanisms to enforce its provisions.
Any stipulations contrary to the provisions of the Labour Law are void unless more advantageous to the employee.