National Tripartite Plan of Action


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Civil liability Compensation Health and safety Labour inspection Poor working conditions

Under the National Tripartite Plan, the Government of Bangladesh developed and implemented a number of key measures, including:

  • The reform of the labour law in 2013 to facilitate union registration and worker representation and improve occupational safety and health.
  • The upgrading of the labour inspectorate, and the recruitment of staff to fill vacant posts at the labour inspectorate and of 200 additional labour inspectors, and the provision of an annual budget allocation sufficient to enable the recruitment of a minimum of 800 labour inspectors.
  • Factory safety assessments
 carried out by the National Tripartite Committee, Accord and Alliance.
  • The adoption of a National Occupational Safety and Health Policy
 in October 2013, covering all formal and informal sectors.
  • Rehabilitation and compensation for Rana Plaza survivors.


  • The labour law was indeed reformed in 2013 to promote occupational safety and health, and facilitate union registration. However, a number of organisations, including Human Rights Watch have pointed to the deficiencies of this reform, and warned about important issues regarding unionization and retaliation against union leaders in Bangladesh.
  • The labour inspectorate was formally upgraded to a Department in January 2014 and will ultimately have 575 labour inspectors (at the time of the Rana Plaza collapse there were only 55): as of May 2015, 199 new inspectors had been recruited or appointed bringing the total of inspectors to 284.
  • As of June 2014, the National Tripartite Committee, the Accord, and the  Alliance, had undertaken a total of 1,300 safety assessments, leading to the temporary suspension of operations in 19 factories, and remediation activities being developed and implemented in all other factories.
  • A National Occupational Safety and Health Policy was adopted in October 2013, covering all formal and informal sectors
  • In June 2015, the Rana Plaza Donors’ Trust Fund finally met its target of $30 million. This means that the victims of the collapse of the Rana Plaza factory in 2013, which killed almost 1200 workers, will finally receive full compensation. It has taken over two years for compensation to be raised which means that many workers and victims have gone without vital medical treatment or living essentials.

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Policy / 25 July 2013 / Bangladesh / National Tripartite Plan of Action on Fire Safety and Structural Integrity in the garment Sector (NTPA) in 2013

With support from the ILO, the government of Bangladesh adopted a National Tripartite Plan of Action on Fire Safety and Structural Integrity in the garment Sector (NTPA) in 2013. The Tripartite Plan of Action brought together government actors, workers and employers; and provided the main framework for improving working conditions in the garment industry in Bangladesh.