Section 279



Corporate criminal liability Criminal liability Human trafficking Slavery

Section 279 prohibits the crime of “trafficking in persons” or “dealing in persons” as slaves, including transporting, buying, selling, disposing of, accepting or receiving a person against their will as a slave. This crime in punished by the Penal Code with up to 14 years of imprisonment and a fine.


This section prescribes the maximum penalty of up to 14 years of imprisonment for the crime of trafficking or dealing in persons  as slaves. However, this provision does not set out a minimum penalty. As a consequence, it is left to the discretion of the judge to impose any minimum, which may prove to be inadequate considering the gravity of the offence.

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Section 279. Whoever imports, exports, removes, buys, sells, dispose, trafficks or deals in a person as a slave, or accepts, receives or detains against his will a person as a slave, shall be punsihed with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 14 years and shall also be liable to a fine.

Law / 30th September 1960 /Nigeria / Penal Code (Northern States) Federal Provisions Act

In Nigeria, the Penal Code is the general code penalising criminal acts applicable in the Northern part of Nigeria, while the Criminal Code is applicable in the Southern region of Nigeria. The Penal Code, promulgated on 30th September 1960, is the criminal law applicable in Northern Nigeria. It was fashioned after the Sudan Criminal Code, and both Sudan and Northern Nigeria have Shari’a law. The Penal Code criminalises a number of offences related to abduction, as well as trafficking or dealig in persons as slaves, and subjecting another to forced labour.