Group or joint liability Health and safety Poor working conditions
This Resolution provides that the employer must, among other things:
a) ensure proper working conditions, health and comfort of all the workers, as defined in the norm;
b) carry out assessments of risks to the safety and health of workers, and adopt preventive measures and protection;
c) promote improvements in the environment and working conditions in order to maintain the level of health and safety of workers;
d) observe and enforce the laws and regulations on health and safety at work;
e) analyze, with the participation of the Internal Commission for Accident Prevention in Rural Work – CIPATR, the causes of accidents and diseases resulting from work, seeking to prevent and eliminate the chances of recurrence;
f) ensure the dissemination of information on the rights, duties and obligations of workers regarding health and safety; and
g) adopt appropriate procedures in the event of accidents and occupational diseases.
Section 184.108.40.206 of the Resolution provides that any companies, employers, cooperatives and rural partners who worked jointly in order to carry out tasks or which constitute an economic group, will be jointly responsible for the violation of the obligations contained in the Law.
NR31, instituted by this Resolution, is the main applicable regulation in rural areas, where most of the complaints of labour analogous to slavery originate. It applies to any agriculture, livestock, forestry, and aquaculture related activities, as well as activities of industrial exploration developed in agrarian establishments.
Resolution / 3 March 2005 /Brazil / Resolution No. 86 of March 3rd, 2005 on Health and Safety in Agriculture, Livestock Breeding and Care, Forestry, Logging and Aquaculture
This resolution establishes the principles to be observed in order to ensure that the planning and development of agricultural, cattle farming, forestry, and aquaculture activities comply with a set of minimum health and safety standards.