Section 34

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Debt bondage Forced labour Slavery

Section 34 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria guarantees the right to the dignity of the human person thus prohibiting the subjection of any person to slavery and servitude.

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Section 34.

(1) Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of his person, and accordingly:

(a) no person shall be subject to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment;

(b) no person shall he held in slavery or servitude; and

(c) no person shall be required to perform forced of compulsory labour.

(2) for the purposes of subsection (1) (c) of this section, “forced or compulsory labour” does not include:

(a) any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court;

(b) any labour required of members of the armed forces of the Federation or the Nigeria Police Force in pursuance of their duties as such;

(c) in the case of persons who have conscientious objections to service in the armed forces of the Federation, any labour required instead of such service;

(d) any labour required which is reasonably necessary in the event of any emergency or calamity threatening the life or well-being of the community; or

(e) any labour or service that forms part of:

(i) normal communal or other civic obligations of the well-being of the community.

(ii) such compulsory national service in the armed forces of the Federation as may be prescribed by an Act of the National Assembly, or

(iii) such compulsory national service which forms part of the education and training of citizens of Nigeria as may be prescribed by an Act of the National Assembly.

Law / 29th of May 1999 / Nigeria / Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Nigeria has had a series of Constitutions. However, the current constitution was enacted on 29th of May, 1999, inaugurating the Nigerian 4th Republic. The constitution prohibits torture, inhuman and degrading treatment, slavery and compulsory labour.