Sections 61-78

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Section 61 sets out the competencies of labour inspectors regarding the safety of workplaces and machinery. Under this provision, inspectors may serve an employer with a remedial order specifying the measures to be taken to ensure the safety of the workplace and setting a specific date by which remedial action must be taken. Inspectors may also order the temporary closure of an establishment in cases where the use of the building, establishment, or machinery could pose an imminent danger to human life or safety. Sections 62 to 78 of the labour code contain a number of provisions aimed at ensuring the safety of workplaces, including requirements regarding fire safety and precautions.

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S. 61. Safety of building and machinery:

(1) If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways, machinery or plant or internal electric supply system in an establishment is in such a conditions that it is dangerous to human life or safety, he may serve on the employer of the establishment an order in writing specifying the measures which, in his opinion, should be adopted, and requiring them to be carried out before a specified date.

(2) If it appears to the Inspector that the use of any building or part of a building or of any part of the ways, machinery or plant in the establishment involves imminent danger to human life or safety, he may serve on the employer of the establishment an order in writing prohibiting its use until it has been properly repaired or altered.

S. 62. Precaution in case of fire:

(1) Every establishment shall be provided with at least one alternative connection stairway with each floor and such means of escape in case of fire and firefighting apparatus, as may be prescribed by rules.

(2) If it appears to the inspector that any establishment is not provided with the means of escape prescribed under sub-section (1) or there is no adequate number of firefighting equipment as per the license of the Department of Fire Safety, he may serve on the employer of the establishment an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion, should be adopted before a date specified in the order.

(3) In every establishment the doors affording exit from any room shall not be locked or fastened so that they can be easily and immediately opened from inside while any person is within the room and all such doors, unless they are of the sliding type, shall be constructed to open outwards or where the door is between two rooms, and all such doors, unless they are of the sliding type, shall be constructed to open outwards or where the door is between two rooms, in the direction of the nearest exit from the building and no such door shall be locked or obstructed while work is being carried on in the room.

(3a) In every establishment the doors affording exit from any room shall not be locked or fastened so that they can be easily and immediately opened from inside while any person is within the room.

(3b) All doors have to be made in such a way so that it can be immediately opened from inside and also be opened from outside.

(3c) All doors shall be constructed to open outwards or where the door is between two rooms, in the direction of the nearest exit from the building and no such door shall be locked or obstructed while work is being carried on in the room.

(4) In every establishment every window, or other exit affording means of escape in case of fire, other than the means of exit in ordinary use, shall be distinctively marked in Bangla and in red letters of adequate size or by some other effective and clearly understood sign.

(5) In every establishment every window, door, or other exit affording means of escape in case of fire to every person employed therein.

(6) A free passage-way giving access to each means of escape in case of fire shall be maintained for the use of all workers in every room of the establishment.

(7) In every establishment wherein more than ten workers are ordinarily employed in any place above the ground floor, or explosive or highly inflammable materials are used or stored, effective measures shall be taken to ensure that all the workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the routine to be followed in such case.

(8) In factories wherein fifty or more workers and employees are employed shall arrange at least once every six months a mock fire-fighting and the employer shall maintain a book of records in this regards.

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Law / 11 October 2006 / Bangladesh / Labour Act 2006

The Bangladesh Labour Act of 2006 combined and amended a number of laws relating to the employment of workers, minimum wages, compensation for work-related injuries, the formation of trade unions, health and safety, the welfare and working environment of employees, and other related issues. The Act also provides for compensation to workers for injuries sustained in the workplace. The Act applies to both permanent workers and workers employed through a contractor. Under the Act, a contractor who employs workers is treated as an employer and is liable for any violations of the provisions of the law.